While some people like peppers hot, there are many others who prefer less to no fiery flavor… Whatever your preference, you’ll find your perfect chili pepper to grow here, right now.
Although peppers found in many sorts of shapes, sizes, colors, and flavors, we can divide them into two basic categories; sweet peppers and chili peppers. What makes this distinction is the presence of capsaicin -neuropeptide releasing agent- in the fruits. Capsaicin agents and related molecules are what give many peppers that unmistakable fiery flavor; the ones which involve that compound is called as ‘hot pepper’ or ‘chili’ pepper, while the rest is called as ‘sweet’ or ‘bell’ peppers. The appearance of Chilli peppers can be small and round or longish and slender, which make them vary in many different sizes from tiny to substantial and shapes cover anything from round to boxy, pointed or hornlike. However what shape and color they have, has no relation to their level of heat.
That fiery level of chili peppers has become a distinctive part of their attraction. The method to measure the level of fiery is made by a chemical test which was invented more than a century ago. The test measures the concentration of capsaicin, which exposes the Scoville Heat Units (SHUs). The name cames from Wilbur Scoville, the American pharmacist who invented the test in 1912. When the pepper rated at zero SHUs, which means it has no capsaicin, is called as sweet pepper, while 500-1000SHUs rated ones are names as mild chilies.
It’s quite hot but perfectly safe!
Did you know that according to Guinness World Records, the hottest chilli pepper in the wold recorded is Carolina Reaper, with a rating of an astonishing 2.200.000 SHU (Scoville Heat Units)? it can be dangerous to eat chillies this hot, even to contact them to the skin for some people. However, here we are not talking about the extreme examples, Just the ones available in the markets for daily usage.
You have progressively more fiery options, with hot measurings. It can be quite painful to eat some types of chili peppers. However, it’s totally safe to consume them. (excluding some extreme types) Back in history, not surprisingly, chili peppers were fist originated in Mexico, in some parts of central and South America, and Caribbean. And the popularity of those cookery and their expanding culture, they widened all over the world and now we grow our own in our backyards or in the pots. Today there are many different types of chili peppers to grow, even grafted ones are available in the market.
If it’s the fiery flavor you’re looking for, you need to go for a variety with higher SHU ratings. If you tend to water and feed relatively less and let them grow in more dry and starved conditions, that will result with a hotter, more aromatized crop, with a smaller size, though. Just like any other plants, chili peppers happily grow pots, but make sure to keep them out of reach of your children or warn them about not to pick them.
Fuego chili pepper is one of the options to grow in the pots. It grows tall and earlier. It’s easy to harvest it. Growing it branching, will let you yield more than two dozens of app. 7 inches long and slender chilies that mature from green to red. Fuego loves growing outside more and it has a medium fiery with 4.000 SHU. its height is approx. 39 inches.
Hungarian Hot Wax
Hungarian Hot Wax chili is another easy to grow and reliable pepper. This pepper variety will produce 5 inches of tapering fruits which mature from a mild green, through yellow to a hotter red. You can consume it raw during mild green stage as well. Medium. 6,000 SHU. Height of the plant: 39 inches.
Demon Red chili is a compact one with only 14 inches in height. It’s rich in branches, appealing and effectively productive. Its fruits are narrow, upward-pointing 1½ inches of yields, maturing from bright green to orange then red. Just one of the plants in the pot can produce 350-400 chilies! It’s in the ‘hot’ category with 40,000 SHU.
Prairie Fire is another Neat and compact cayenne pepper plant to grow in the pot, with 8 inches in height. It’s multi-branched and those spreading branches produce more than 60 small (1 inch ) fruits that mature from cream through yellow, orange and, to red. Very appealing in the pots. Hot; 75,000 SHU.
Basket of Fire
Basket of Fire is another well-branched compact plant with 10 inches in height, which gives up to 200 short, pointed, upright 1½ inches of chilies above its greenery. Fruits mature from purple, cream, lemon, rich yellow, orange, and then to red. Hot. 80,000 SHU. H: 10in
Caribbean Antillais is tall in height with up to 3 feet. Its late-maturing branches give small and wrinkled lime green fruits, which are rather blocky 2½ inches. The fruits mature from orange to bright red. You need to grow them under cover and sow early. It matures well outside in most seasons. Very hot. 250.000 – 350,000SHU.